What rights does it protect?
The right to life
protects your life, by law. The state is required to investigate suspicious deaths and deaths in custody.
The prohibition of torture and inhuman treatment
you should never be tortured or treated in an inhuman or degrading way, no matter what the situation.
Protection against slavery and forced labour
you should not be treated like a slave or subjected to forced labour.
The right to liberty and freedom
you have the right to be free and the state can only imprison you with very good reason for example, if you are convicted of a crime.
The right to a fair trial and no punishment without law
- you are innocent until proven guilty. If accused of a crime, you have the right to hear the evidence against you, in a court of law.
Respect for privacy and family life and the right to marry
protects against unnecessary surveillance or intrusion into your life. You have the right to marry and raise a family.
Freedom of thought, religion and belief
you can believe what you like and practise your religion or beliefs.
Free speech and peaceful protest
you have a right to speak freely and join with others peacefully, to express your views.
everyones rights are equal. You should not be treated unfairly because, for example, of your gender, race, sexuality, religion or age.
Protection of property, the right to an education and the right to free elections
protects against state interference with your possessions; means that no child can be denied an education and that elections must be free and fair.